Security Cameras seem to be such a modern concept. When you think of CCTV footage from a security camera, you might see an image from a grainy black and white video stream from the 80s or 90s that will eventually appear as random update artifacts. Personal video recorders, those huge black boxes that we all remember from our childhood holidays, aren’t they 80’s technology?
The root of video surveillance is far beyond your imagination. A large part of our work is to understand the history of technology in order to be able to predict new developments in the industry. We are also interested in the diverse history of video surveillance. Learn more and see for yourself!
Invention of Security Cameras in Germany
Video surveillance technology was invented by a man named Walter Bruch, whose original purpose was to study guns, not people.
In fact, the first documented use of a closed-circuit security system allowed the German military to observe rockets launched from a bunker. But they could only watch it live as the recording was not available until a long time later.
However, the US government quickly realized that this is a new war technology. Security cameras allowed the scientists back then to observe the atomic bomb test without attention. From a convenient distance, usually in a laboratory, scientists were able to understand the consequences of nuclear weapons and could never anticipate dangerous consequences. In 1949, a US contractor named Vericon began to sell the technology for commercial use.
Beginning of Home Surveillance & Police Use
In the year 1960, when the Thai royal family visited London, the police used a network of TV cameras (although there was no terminology at the time, we called them surveillance cameras) to monitor the people in the city of Trafalgar Square which was an area to protect their royal guests. This technology seems to be catching up as according to a 1965 report, it shows that police work has increased significantly in the following years.
In 1961, just a year later, transport facilities in London began installing surveillance cameras at stations to improve public safety. In the next few years, Liverpool began to try the same idea.
In the 1970s, under the leadership of the bank, the private sector began to incorporate CCTV and security camera surveillance into standard security practices, but other companies soon saw obvious benefits. Mainly to feed the hungry security market. The fact that the Vietnam War ended in 1975 and military night vision technology providers needed a new market may be related to this.
Evolution of Digital Security Camera’s
Convenient recording was fairly standardized from the beginning, but it was annoying to investigate incidents and behaviors by looking at images, that is, until 1986, digital video recording became the standard in the business world, although it was far from software monitoring today. This was a big step forward and had fundamentally changed the way people looked at pictures and footage from the security cameras.
This major transition allowed building owners to easily browse the video and find the clips they wanted to look at faster. But digital development does not end there. In the early 1990s, manufacturers began to use a technology called digital multiplexing.
This revolutionary system combines multiple video streams, usually in the same area or related areas, and transmits the streams to a single monitor or TV. As law enforcement agencies investigate robberies, assaults, car accidents, etc, security cameras have become the source of investigation.
In 1996, the first IP camera (essentially a web camera) came out. Its main advantage was the ability to send video signals in digital form, which made it possible to use video surveillance functions at almost unlimited distances, which was unprecedented and unsustainable at the time. It took several years for network technology to catch up and realize more readable real-time video transmission through digital networks.
The Modern Era Surveillance
After the second attack on the World Trade Centre in September 2001, there was an urgent need to strengthen security and better surveillance. Security cameras have become more and more common in areas with heavy traffic. With the continuous development of technology, society has begun to believe that public surveillance has become a reality. With an expansion to HD and 4K resolution, cloud storage and recording, and even drones with cameras.
From the 1990s to today, video surveillance cameras have spread all over the country, from family businesses to restaurants, from offices to rural households. Video surveillance technology helps people control it remotely, and face surveillance cameras make this process easy more.
Facial recognition technology developed rapidly in the 2000s, and in 2009 provided law enforcement agencies with a forensic database. First of all, face recognition technology can recognize faces. This is a major improvement over the standard cameras that flooded the market before. However, when people began to switch to real face recognition technology, the real change came. Business owners can now use face recognition and register names, receive notifications when specific faces appear, and the pictures are clearer than ever. Settings, face recognition technology can also provide other functions.
The Bottom Line
Surprisingly, the surveillance cameras that sell every day are the result of the German missile program and participated in sending the first man-made object into space. Security camera was an invention in 1940, even before it was included in the German missile program.
They move from a niche to the mainstream, from the unknown to the ordinary, from the danger to the acceptance. Video surveillance has evolved from a huge manual monster into a thin invisible web that surrounds our lives.
Hope this article helped you understand more about the invention, history and evolution of security surveillance system throughout decades!